Understanding the basics of common dental problems is essential for Fresh Pond Dental clients. It is necessary to maintain good oral care to prevent suffering from the consequences of inaction. Not taking care of your teeth will result in tooth sensitivity to sugars, acids, and extreme hot and cold liquids. In addition, the damage can result to cavities and damaged teeth that require extensive work at the dentist's office.
Plaque is a colorless coating made of bacteria and broken-down sugars. Each day, plaque builds up on your teeth and secretes acids that begins to eat away at the enamel—the protective outer coating—of your teeth. Without routine oral hygiene, plaque can lead to tartar, gingivitis, periodontal disease, and if left untreated will result in painful tooth loss.
Over time plaque builds up on your teeth and hardens. Tartar is this petrified plaque that causes gum inflammation.
Periodontal diseases affect the tissue and area around a tooth. This is why it is often termed “Gum Disease.”
Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease that can cause irritated, inflamed, and even bleeding gums. When plaque coats your teeth, it can accumulate until it reaches this stage of periodontal disease.
A much more serious stage of periodontal disease is periodontitis. If gingivitis is allowed to progress to the point where the gums around the teeth are infected, it damages the structure of the bone and loosens the tooth. The bone supporting the tooth will continue to degrade until the tooth is lost. If left untreated, periodontitis can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack in addition to causing other health concerns.
To ensure you do not endure the pain and problems caused by plaque and periodontal disease, there are a few things you can do:
- Develop a good oral hygiene routine. This includes brushing at least twice a day with a fluoride-infused toothpaste, rinsing with fluoride-mixed mouthwash, and flossing thoroughly.
- At least once every six months, have your dentist inspect your mouth. This should catch developing conditions before they become problematic.
- Every six months schedule a cleaning with your dental hygienist. This will help eliminate any tartar and plaque buildup that have occurred along the gum line and between teeth, keeping your teeth as healthy as possible.
If you live in the local area and are interested in speaking with the dentistry professionals in our Cambridge dental office, the friendly staff at Fresh Pond Dental would be happy to make an appointment that will fit within your schedule.